on the term, "Archetype"
by Antero Alli
It seems to me their origin [i.e. archetypes] can only be
explained by assuming them to be deposits of the constantly
repeated experiences of humanity. - Carl Jung
artwork by James Koehnline
numen (s), numina (pl)
1. A presiding divinity or spirit of a place.
2. A spirit believed by animists to inhabit certain natural phenomena or objects.
3. A spirit believed to inhabit an object or preside over a place
4. Creative energy; genius.
The condition or state of being numinous.
1. Revealing or indicating the presence of a divinity; spiritual:
"Many religious practices and performances are carried out for
the sole purpose of calling forth the power of the numinosum
at will by invocation, incantation, sacrifice, etc."
2. Relating to the experience of the divine as awesome and/or
terrifying; designating that which governs the subject outside
of his or her own will.
The physical body expresses the embodiment of the subconscious mind. When the physical body is felt deeply, the body becomes as an open door to its innate treasures of forces, images, memories, impulses, and its deeper psychic links with the internal landscape of numinous archetypes. This internal landscape emanates the same numin behind our night dreams, animating their streams of fleeting images, stories, actions, and characters. However, this numin does not conform to any one image or character or mythos (as is commonly and falsely assumed about archetypes) but expresses the autonomous presence and power illuminating these icons from within.
According to Carl Jung, transpersonal archetypes interface and link with our unconscious psychological complexes, or fixations. This fusion between the Personal and the Transpersonal gives rise and form to specific yet universally recognizably human images -- the Trickster, Anima/Animus, Hero, Senex, Puer, Crone, The Shadow, The Self, etc.. The nature of these images are often shaped and given recognizable forms by the presence of psychological complexes linked with unmet childhood needs and traumas that also crystallize into fetishes, fixations, and obsessions that act out in our behavior, habits, beliefs, and thinking processes.
The Anima and the Animus
The mother complex (a.k.a. the Oedipus complex) stems from an active component in anyone raised by a genetic or surrogate mother that, over time, informs our attitudes and assumptions about women in general. For men, this mother complex links with the archetypal presence of the Anima, the erotic feminine ideal, the cherished female image, Virgin/Whore (good girl or bad girl, depending on relationship with the mother), within the man’s psyche - an image enflamed and charged up whenever the man encounters a living, flesh and blood woman who matches this internal Anima image. In this matching, a powerful unconscious presence floods the man's conscious mind and triggers a psychic Anima projection onto that woman. Meanwhile, the man undergoes an emotional seisure of longing called "falling in love" whether that woman is present or not.
For women, early relations with the genetic or surrogate father seeds the internal development of the father complex and the archetypal presence of the Animus, the masculine ideal as Hero or Anti-hero (Savior or Persecutor, depending on relationship with the father), the dream lover, and father of future offspring. When the woman encounters any living, flesh and blood man who matches this internal Animus image, a powerful unconscious presence floods the woman's conscious mind and triggers a psychic Animus projection onto that man. Meanwhile, the woman undergoes an ecstatic delirium called "falling in love" whether the actual man is present or not.
When the "Anima-possessed man" faces his projections he often awakens to a wretched state of power loss. His emotional healing begins by withdrawing the Anima projections from the flesh and blood woman, while tending to the inner life of his soul. This soul-retrieval ritual must occur in isolation away from the woman he projected onto and sometimes, in the supportive company of other men.
When the "Animus-possessed woman" is ready to face her projections and the obsessive behavior they produced in her, she can use the sword of reason to cut through the intoxicating delusions masquerading as "love" and begin seeing the man for who and what he is, shortcomings and all. This process must occur in separation from the man she projected onto and sometimes, in the supportive company of other women.
artwork by Nancy Zbik
Archetypally-charged images of The Trickster link easily with any inferiority complex that drives us to overcompensate our repressed feelings of inadequacy. This can occur by judging others according to our own impossibly high standards which propels our attempts at spectacular achievements while secretly coveting an inflated self-image. Enter the Over-Achiever, the Con Artist, and the Inner Critic. The trickster here is none other than the ego itself. We trick ourselves with a unique talent for convincing ourselves of anything.
To convince means "to con". As tricksters, we con ourselves (and others) into believing whatever we want to believe. We do this when we are driven to always get our own way and we do it to avoid facing our personal shortcomings and exposing the vanity of trying to defend our inflated one-sided self-image. When the trickster complex remains unconscious, it can often dramatize outwardly by pointing out and judging the weaknesses, flaws, and shortcomings in others. The more the trickster gets away with this racket, the more "tricky" it can be to detect and expose the ego-trickster in ourselves. At this point, we may need help from a more conscious, experienced trickster who has already exposed their own game.
Whenever these archetypally-charged images of Anima, Animus, or Trickster are triggered by their corresponding external events, a process of psychic projection occurs that usually involves some form of mythologizing, or worship, of the Man (Animus), the Woman (Anima), and/or the Ego (Trickster). Unless the person has earned significant self-awareness, these projections remain unconscious. There are exceptions. Sometimes, artists and poets can transform these complexes into sources of inspiration, i.e., Arthur Rimbaud's method of achieving exalted states through a "deliberate disorientation of the senses". Psychological complexes ,and the archetypes they attach themselves to, can also find expression in a pantheon of colorful characters, twisted plots, and high drama.
Archetypal forces are not subject to any propriety; they do not and cannot belong to anyone. Much like the way our night dreams present themselves, autonomous archetypes come and go according to their own agendas. They also tend to operate at a higher level of intelligence than conscious ego or intellect. Attempts to define any archetype in terms of any one character or image, without including its links with specific psychological complexes, can result in a naive romanticization of the subconscious. Self-imposed labels and definitions can also trivialize the genuine mysteries and depth of authentic archetypal presence and result in further self-delusion. Though archetypes may not be subject to human understanding, their power and presence can be experienced firsthand through gnosis, the kind of direct perception not linked to language or thinking, but to Presence of the phenomena itself. (see "The First and Second Attention")
Postscript: I am neither Psychologist or Psychotherapist. The ideas presented here emerged throughout my ongoing paratheatre work and then, distilled and interpreted to most honestly reflect the truths of my experience. The ideas presented here also remain grossly incomplete and fail to include numerous other archetypal icons, not to mention how archetypes link with the spiritual legacies of ancestral and past life, or reincarnation, karma. - A.A.
WHAT ARE ARCHETYPES?
Brief descriptions from a Jungian perspective
Other Writings on Paratheatre by Antero Alli
DANGERS: Paratheatre and self-delusion
On the term "Asocial"
On "Group Ritual Facilitation"
State of Emergence: A Paratheatre Manifesto